In 1975, the year Vladimir Putin joined the KGB, the Russian physicist Andrei Sakharov was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. A year later, the most famous Soviet dissident was designated “domestic enemy number 1” by the KGB.

Sakharov played a key role in the development of the Soviet hydrogen bomb, winning an unprecedented range of awards for his work, including three Hero of Socialist Labor awards, four Orders of Lenin, a Stalin Prize and a Lenin Prize in 1956.

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