Roberto Matta was born in Chile in 1911 but it was not local art movements that interested him. After graduating from university, he traveled to Europe and encountered the likes of Breton, Dalí, and Le Corbusier. They drew him into a budding circle, the Paris Surrealists. Matta, who’d already been drawing stylized landscapes of places he visited, began using automatism to create. He moved to the U.S. in 1938, also moving from drawing to oils. His paintings, which sought to capture the unconscious, strongly influenced the Abstract Expressionists. In 1948, when Arshile Gorky committed suicide, Matta was rejected by the Surrealists: he had been sleeping with Gorky’s wife. Matta spent the rest of his life in Paris and Rome, and died in 2002. This exhibition present 10 works from the height of his career. —E.C.
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